What is Cyber Law?
What is Cyber Law (?); it’s a valuable question for this digital world. Cyber Law or internet law is an overarching law that is applicable to technologies related to the internet and the internet itself. It is currently one of the most recent additions to the legal system. The internet and the technologies associated with it evolve at a significant rate and that is what cyber law or IT Law aims to cover. Its main aim is to provide a level of protection to those who use the internet as well as those who break the laws. The law is aimed to protect both business users and casual users. Therefore, anyone who uses the internet should be familiar with the laws that they have to adhere to because breaking these laws is a serious matter.
Why are the cyber laws needed?
The digital world that we live in is becoming more and more technically advanced and with this comes a high level of sophistication, which means that the crimes are now becoming more sophisticated. Initially, the internet was only developed as a way of sharing information and carrying out research but it began its life unregulated. As the years passed, businesses and casual users began using it and so, e-commerce, e-business and e-governance were just a couple of areas where problems began to rise. As transactions took place, personal data was stored along with a whole range of other forms of data and so, it all became a target for cyber-criminals. This is where the need for cyber laws became apparent. As the number of users increased, so did internet crime and all problems associated with it started to gather momentum. This has lead us to where we are today, to the point where everyone who uses the internet and its related technologies are now governed by cyber law.
What happens if you break a cyber law?
Cyber crims is no different to any other kind of crime as it is governed by law. This means that if you break a cyber law, you will be punished. Cyber law is very intricate and it covers a wide range of areas that range from minor offences to major crime. How you are dealt with will depend on a number of factors such as the country in which the law was broken, the country you live in and the individual or business you offended. If you were considered to break the law for a minor offence then your ISP account be suspended for a period of time. Of course, if the minor offence leans more towards a serious crime, then you could find yourself permanently banned with a block being put on your IP address. When it comes to major crime, this can include a number of offences which could include hacking, causing loss to an individual or a business or attacking a website and the back-end systems. If you are found to break a cyber law by carrying out a major crime, then you could face an expensive penalty or even time in prison.
Cyber Laws in the US
The US takes cyber laws and protection very seriously. The country is a world super-power and so, anyone is considered to be a cyber-criminal in the US will be dealt with accordingly by both state laws and federal laws.
The federal laws in the US cover the following:
Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act (CISA) – The aim of this law is to enhance and improve cybersecurity in the United States through an increased transparency relating to all cybersecurity threats. This law aims to allow internet traffic information to be shared between the US government as well as technology and manufacturing companies. It was introduced in 2014 to the US Senate and was eventually passed in 2015.
Cybersecurity Enhancement Act of 2014 – This came into effect in 2014 and relates to a public-private partnership that is voluntary and ongoing. The aim is to enhance cybersecurity and the research associated with it while developing the workforce and increasing public awareness.
Federal Exchange Data Breach Notification Act of 2015 – The aim of this act is to provide all individuals via a health insurance exchange whenever their personal information has been accessed as a result of a security breach related to any system that is owned by the exchange. This has to be done within 60 days of the discovery of the breach.
National Cybersecurity Protection Advancement Act of 2015- This law makes significant changes to the Homeland Security Act of 2002 in order to make it possible for the Department of Homeland Security’s national cyber-security and communication integration centre to involve tribal governments, private entities, information sharing and analysis centres with it representative who are non-federal.
Lawyer for Cyber Crime
Cyber-crime is still relatively new and continues to develop at an incredible pace like divorce Lawyer or personal injury Lawyer. Any investigation that relates to online activity or includes a digital element can prove to be technical and complex in many ways. Often, these crimes are linked around the world and so, if anyone finds themselves involved in cyber-crime, then they should choose a lawyer that is specialised in this area.
Cyber-crime and the laws surrounding it are changing and evolving all of the time. As more and more people continue to become connected through the use of internet and internet related technologies, it will become more apparent as to just how prevalent cyber-crime really is. The laws are there to protect individuals and businesses but the penalties associated with the cyber-law can be heavy, depending on the crime. However, as time goes on, more laws are likely to be introduced as they attempt to close in on those who undertake cyber-criminal activity while protecting those who fall victim.